DNA paternity testing is an important tool available to prove or disprove a biological relationship for a child. The test uses a DNA profile for each individual and compares the data to determine if there is a genetic match. If the child and potential father genetically match, then he is the biological father. If the data does not match, then he is excluded as the biological father.
Determining the biological relationship can help with traditional issues such as child support and proper documentation for a birth record but can also include benefits such as:
Strengthens the bond between a father and child,
Provides health information and assists in managing a child’s health record.
A DNA paternity test can be administered to anyone to confirm the genetic relationship between two people. Many DNA paternity testing companies offer both legal and non-legal tests.
Laboratories can process results in 2 to 5 days from the time your samples are received. There are also expedited methods to ensure a fast turnaround time if results are needed more urgently, such as for adding a name to a birth certificate.
The legal test results can be used in court, such as for child support.
The non-legal paternity test involves collecting your samples in the privacy of your home. Non-legal paternity tests are not legally defensible because they were not collected at a lab or hospital and do not include the correct documentation to support the collection.
The cost of a DNA paternity test can vary. A legal DNA paternity test typically costs between $300 to $500, which usually include the collection costs associated with the test.
Non-legal paternity tests start at about $30 for the retail kit (not including the testing) to around $200, depending on additional services such as expedited testing and shipping.
In many countries, the prices range from $69 to $499, depending on the clinic, reliability of the test, and waiting time.
A DNA test in Nigeria costs between N50,000 and N120,000 depending on the clinic, procedure, and purpose. For instance, tests involving legal issues might attract more charges and could even be as high as N120, 000 – N150, 000. In addition, clinics, labs or hospitals where the test is performed matters.
The method used to obtain a sample is typically referred to as a buccal swab collection. Removing cheek cells using a poly or Dacron swab performs this painless type of collection. These cells, which contain DNA, are used to determine the genetic profile of the individual.
- A blood sample can also be used to determine the genetic profile. This method is used for non-invasive prenatal paternity tests before a baby is born.